How many muscles does it take to formulate speech?

To create speech, around a hundred different muscles in the chest, neck, jaw, tongue, and lips must work together. Every word or short phrase that is physically spoken is followed by its own unique arrangement of muscle movements. The information necessary for producing a phrase is saved in the speech area of the brain.


American College of Physicians New Guideline For Back Pain

Clinicians and patients should select non-pharmacologic treatment with superficial heat, massage, acupuncture, and spinal manipulation ( A.K.A. Chiropractic Care). It may be a big change for many doctors, who often turn to medications first for patients who are in pain. The American College of Physicians recommends non-drug therapy first, the organization says in the new guidelines, published in the Annals of Internal medicine.

Drink More Water To Improve Your Health

Most people are in the low range of fluid consumption and are not hydrating properly. Everyone generally drinks at mealtime, but in between meals many people do not drink anything. You need to consistently drink water throughout the day. There are many formulas for how much to drink, but don’t worry about the details just drink! When you get up in the morning one of the first things to do is drink a glass of water. Here are a few reasons to drink more water:

• Drinking Water Helps Maintain the Balance of Body Fluids: Your body is composed of about 60% water. The functions of these bodily fluids include digestion, absorption, circulation, creation of saliva, transportation of nutrients, and maintenance of body temperature.

• Water Helps Energize Muscles: Cells that don’t maintain their balance of fluids and electrolytes shrivel, which can result in muscle fatigue. When muscle cells don’t have adequate fluids, they don’t work as well.

• Water Helps Keep Skin Looking Good: Your skin contains plenty of water, and functions as a protective barrier to prevent excess fluid loss.

• Water Helps Your Kidneys: Body fluids transport waste products in and out of cells. Your kidneys do an amazing job of cleansing and ridding your body of toxins as long as your intake of fluids is adequate.

• Water Helps Maintain Normal Bowel Function: Adequate hydration keeps things flowing along your gastrointestinal tract and prevents constipation.


The weather is warming up and many people will spend more time outside working in their yard and gardening. Your body may not be ready for all the bending, twisting, reaching and pulling! Remember you haven’t done those motions in months. It’s not a matter of fitness, but of using muscles differently. It’s very similar to when you change your exercise program. It feels great to be outside, but everyone tends to over do it initially. What you can do comfortably in July is different than what you can do in March. Begin in moderation, take breaks, and make sure you stretch and loosen up. Work into longer periods of time as your body gets used to working in the yard again.

“ You’re never wrong to do the right thing” – Mark Twain


Slouching all day in an office chair? Your posture problems can be corrected. Consult a doctor of chiropractic.

Dr. Benjamin A. Caruso
Fairport Chiropractic


How Does Chiropractic Work For Headaches?

Headaches are one of the most common complaints that we see at our office. Although there are many causes of headaches we have found that many different types of headaches originate from mechanical problems in the neck. Some headaches such as migraine and cluster headaches are related to vascular problems. These often include nausea and/or vomiting and can be quite disabling and require rest in a dark, quiet place sometimes for a half or a whole day. Other headaches can be categorized as "tension" headaches. These usually result from tightness in the muscles in the neck and upper back caused from stress, work, lack of sleep, sinusitis, trauma such as whiplash, and others. Pain can be felt in the upper neck or the back of the head as well as in the frontal, sinus region, top or sides of the head. It can vary from a throbbing pain to an ache to just a constant pain.

What most people don’t realize is that mechanical dysfunction of the vertebrae of the neck will cause increased muscle tension as well as irritate the delicate nerves that control blood flow into the head. Improving the movement or alignment of the bones in the neck can relieve the pressure and irritation that results in headaches. How do we get misalignments or dysfunction in the joints of the neck? This can be due to trauma such as falls or car accidents. Repetitive stress such as hours of work on a computer, poor posture or stress can also take a toll over time. In many patients it is a combination of activities that took place often years before which has led to chronic and recurring headaches. The examination evaluates these issues as well as attempts to rule out other more serious causes, which can occur but are more rare.

A thorough evaluation will be performed so headache patients can be properly managed. Treatment approaches include: adjustments, soft tissue therapy (trigger point stimulation, myofascial work), posture correction exercises and other exercises, education about job modifications, co-management with other health care providers, if medication or injection therapy is needed.



The weather is warming up and many people will spend more time outside working in the yard and gardening. Your body may not be ready for all the bending, twisting, reaching and pulling, remember you haven’t done those motions in months. It’s not a matter of fitness but of using muscles differently, very similar to changing your exercise program. It feels great to be outside and everyone tends to over do it initially, what you can do comfortably in July is different than what you can do in March. Begin in moderation, take breaks and make sure you stretch and loosen up. Work into longer periods of time as your body gets used to working in the yard again.

Did You Know…

Did You Know…

Your eyes are always the same size from birth but your nose and ears never stop growing.

There are approximately 45 miles of nerves in the skin of a human being.

During a 24 hour period, the average human will breathe approximately 23,000 times.

Chiropractic Care and Discs

Chiropractic Care and Back Pain: Non-invasive Treatment for Bulging, Ruptured, or Herniated Discs

Discs give the spine motion; we are constantly using our discs. Move your back from side to side, you can visualize the give and take of the discs between the vertebrae. Without these discs, your spine couldn’t function and move. Intervertebral discs don’t really "slip", although the phrase "slipped disc" has come into popular usage to refer to bulging, ruptured, or herniated discs. Your discs are made up of the annulus fibrosus (the tough outer layer) and the nucleus pulposus (which contains a soft, gelatin-like center. When cracks occur in the outer layer of the disc, the material inside of the disc can begin to push out. Numerous factors can cause a disc to herniate. For example, there may be too much stress on the disc due to poor posture, repetitive motions, too much sitting, or an injury. In fact, a herniated disc can be caused by a combination of factors or a physical injury. For many people with back pain caused by a herniated disc the problem starts off small and then gradually builds until you start to feel symptoms, such as back pain.

Chiropractic Care and Herniated Discs

Chiropractor care can help address back pain and other herniated disc symptoms. At your appointment, we will go through your medical history, do a physical exam, and perform orthopedic and neurological tests. In addition, if we find that you have advanced loss of strength, sensation, reflexes, and other unusual neurological findings, then you will be referred to a spine surgeon. However, most intervertebral disc injuries are related to a herniated disc, and can be treated effectively with chiropractic care.

Treatment for a herniated disc may include spinal manipulation, and other chiropractic techniques to help ease your herniated disc symptoms. This will be an individualized treatment plan, but it may include manual therapy and therapeutic exercises.

Plantar Fasciitisiitis

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is a serious and painful condition that occurs when the long, flat ligament along the bottom of the foot develops tears and inflammation. Serious cases of plantar fasciitis can possibly lead to ruptures in the ligament. This ligament is called the plantar fascia and it extends from your five toes and runs along the bottom of your foot, attaching to your heel. When you walk or run, you land on your heel and raise yourself on your toes as you shift your weight to your other foot, causing all your weight to be held up by your plantar fascia. Such repetitive force can pull the fascia from its attachment on your heel and cause damage and plantar fasciitis.

Many factors can cause plantar fasciitis to develop. When walking with a normal step, the plantar fascia ligament stretches as the foot strikes the ground. When walking with an abnormal step, or when putting repetitive pressure on the heel, the plantar fascia ligament can stretch irregularly, become stressed, and develop small tears. These small tears can cause the fascia ligament to become inflamed (plantar fasciitis).

The pain from plantar fasciitis can be described as a dull ache or sharp pain. Plantar fasciitis tends to worsen after standing or exercising for prolonged periods or after getting out of bed in the morning. Morning heel pain from plantar fasciitis is one of the most common symptoms. As the person walks, the fascia "warms up" and lengthens slightly, reducing the tension on the ligament and lessening the pain.

Fixations in the anklebones and feet may be the ultimate cause of your pain. Your ankle and foot consist of 26 bones. Proper walking and running mechanics depend on normal motion between these bones. Fixations, also known as misalignments, of these bones will result in their work being put on the neighboring plantar fascia. This results in plantar fasciitis.

Chiropractic adjustments of your feet, ankles, hips and low back will normalize the mechanics of the foot and your gait. Appropriate lifestyle modifications including stretching can help restore function and relieve pain.